India’s first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1, was launched on October 22, 2008 by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). It was a major accomplishment for India’s space exploration program and improved our knowledge of the Moon’s composition and surface. Everything you need to know about Chandrayaan-1 is provided below:
Objective of Chandrayaan-1
The main objective of Chandrayaan-1 was to study the Moon’s surface, mineral composition, and the discovery of water molecules by means of scientific instruments.
Launch place of Chandrayaan-1
The Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India, hosted the launch of Chandrayaan-1 on a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, also known as PSLV-XL.
Instruments in Chandrayaan-1
In order to investigate various facets of the moon, the spacecraft carrying a number of scientific instruments, including:
Moon impact probe (MIP)
A little probe that was launched, hit the Moon’s surface, and provided detailed information. During its fall, it supplied information on the exosphere and surface features of the Moon.
Hyper spectral imager (HySI)
Based on their spectral characteristics, this equipment was used to identify minerals on the surface of the moon.
Lunar laser ranging instrument (LLRI)
Its purpose was to use laser pulses to calculate the separation between the spaceship and the Moon’s surface.
The detection of water molecules on the lunar surface was one of Chandrayaan-1’s most important results. Water molecules are present in the exosphere of the Moon, according to the Moon Impact Probe (MIP).
Unfortunately, communication problems began to plague the mission in August 2009, and in November 2008, contact was lost with the spacecraft. Despite this, before its communication was cut off, Chandrayaan-1 had supplied a plethora of information.
Legacy and impact
India’s subsequent lunar missions, notably Chandrayaan-2, were made possible thanks to Chandrayaan-1. It highlighted India’s prowess in scientific research and space exploration.
Originally intended to survive for two years, Chandrayaan-1’s communication was lost significantly sooner, in August 2009.
Additionally, Chandrayaan-1 carried scientific equipment from the US, the European Space Agency (ESA), and Bulgaria.
Chandrayaan-1 supplied important data that scientists all across the world continued to examine and use for years after its communication failure.
Chandrayaan-2, which had an orbiter, lander, and rover, was launched by ISRO in July 2019 in order to build on the success of Chandrayaan-1. Even if the lander’s effort to land softly on the Moon’s surface did not go as anticipated, the orbiter is still in good operation and is still sending back useful data.
All things considered, Chandrayaan-1 represented India’s foray into lunar exploration and made a substantial contribution to our knowledge of the Moon’s makeup, surface characteristics, and existence of water molecules.
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